- With the developing technology, space research has also increased in the same direction. As a result, there were many new developments in the rapidly growing space industry in 2023.
- India becoming the first country to land on the south pole of the Moon, China sending its first civilian into space and the discovery of the “perfect solar system” Here are a few of the achievements in the space field this year.
The space industry is undoubtedly one of the fastest growing industries in recent years. While humankind’s curiosity about space has increased with developing technology, the number of research has also increased accordingly.
We witnessed many space explorations in 2023. So which of these studies are the most prominent?
India engraved its name in space history
India became the first country to land near the south pole of the Moon with the spacecraft called Chandrayaan-3 in August. With this success, India became the fourth country to perform a soft landing on the Moon.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi followed the landing live and his first comment was “India is now on the Moon.” Moreover, Russia had tried the same task in the past and failed.
One of the goals of this mission is to explore water-based ice, which scientists say could support human settlement on the Moon in the future.
China sent the first civilian into space
For the first time, a civilian was among the three astronauts China sent to the Tiangong Space Station. The Shenzhou-16 spacecraft was launched in May from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in the northwest of the country.
The crew consists of Jing Haipeng, Zhu Yangzhu and Gui Haichao. This trio was sent to take over from the team that has been at China’s newly completed Tiangong Space Station since November 2022.
Beihang University professor Gui, who was on the Shenzhou-16 crew, became the first Chinese civilian to board the space station. All other astronauts were members of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army.
Perfect solar system found
Late this year, researchers discovered a solar system 100 light-years from Earth consisting of six planets that have remained unchanged for billions of years.
It was noteworthy that all the planets in the system are almost the same size and formed 12 billion years ago. It has been noted that these planets have changed little over billions of years. This provides the opportunity to study how this system was formed and whether it hosts living life.
Dr Rafael Luque from the University of Chicago, who led the research, described this system as the “perfect solar system”. Over the past 30 years, astronomers have discovered many solar systems, but none of them offered such suitable conditions for studying the formation of planets.
So far from 2023, we have now all turned our eyes to 2024 and are excitedly waiting for new research in the field of space. We hope that the new year will be a productive year for the scientific world.
Compiled by: Ömer Kağan Selen